From Casa Bellavista in just 30 minutes you can arrive in the Chianti area, symbolized by the famous and historical “Gallo Nero”, adopted as a brand for the Chianti Classico wine by the consortium that groups together the producers. The origin of this symbol derives from an ancient legend. It is said that at the time of their medieval struggles, Florence and Siena, always at war for the possession of this precious corner of Tuscany and both tired of bloody battles, decided to settle the matter in an unusual manner. The two cities decided to entrust the definition of the border to a trial between two knights, one wearing the colours of Florence and one the colours of Siena. The Florentine-Sienese border would be fixed at the point where the two knights met, starting at dawn from their respective cities, as the cock crowed. The Sienese chose a white rooster and gorged it with food, convinced that at dawn this would have made it sing louder, while the Florentines chose a black rooster that they left unfed. On the day of the trial, the black Florentine rooster, bitten by hunger, began to sing even before the sun had risen, while the white Sienese rooster slept on blissfully because it was still full. The Florentine rider, at the agreed signal, immediately set off at a gallop, while the Sienese colleague had to wait a long time before the other bird decided to sing: the result of this peaceful fight was that the two riders met only 12 km from the city walls of Siena and so the Florentine Republic could annex all of the Chianti. The State Road n°222 that connects Siena to Florence and/or vice versa, can be called the backbone of Chianti. It is also known as the “CHIANTIGIANA” and was completed by Bettino Ricasoli, when he was president of the parliament, (after Cavour) during the Kingdom of Italy. He is also recognized as the person who led the search for a “formula” to produce Chianti wine; to create a wine that could compete with French wines In fact, in the second half of the nineteenth century, in 1867, the wine he produced in the estate of Brolio obtained the first gold medal at the Paris International Exibition. The Chiantigiana was born as a service road for agriculture, for landowners residing in the city to travel towards their farms. The Chianti is a border territory, as shown by the watchtowers of the castles, which guard the Florentine and Sienese state borders. It’s hills are a large island bordered on one side and the other by two wide valleys densely populated and trafficked. The Valdarno and valleys of the Pesa and Elsa rivers. This isolation has been with hindsight the great fortune of the Chianti area. It has not been touched by the great industrialization, which after the war was a tragedy. The depopulation, the abandonment of the countryside, was found decades later to have been it’s great fortune, allowing it to remain an uncontaminated territory, where every farmhouse has been renovated, every castle has returned to its old splendour, all the cultivable corners have rediscovered someone to take care of them; vineyards interspersed with olive groves and defined by cypresses. THIS IS THE TERRITORY OF CHIANTI! !!!!